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Machine Learning Models for Predicting Stone-Free Status after Shockwave Lithotripsy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the use of machine learning techniques for predicting stone-free rates following Shockwave Lithotripsy (SWL). Eight papers (3264 patients) were included. Two studies used decision-tree approaches, five studies utilised Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), and one study combined a variety of approaches. The summary true positive rate was 79%, summary false positive rate was 14%, and Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) was 0.90 for machine learning approaches.
Comparison of Oncologic Outcomes Following Open and Robotic-assisted Radical Cystectomy with both Extracorporeal and Intracorporeal Urinary Diversion
To compare oncologic endpoints between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and robotic-assisted radical cystectomy with extracorporeal urinary diversion (eRARC) or intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC).
Characterizing the Epidemiology and Provider Landscape of Male Infertility Care in the United States
To characterize the epidemiology of male factor infertility and identify which types of providers are treating infertile men in the United States.
Enucleation vs. Resection: A matched-pair analysis of TURP, HoLEP and bipolar TUEP in medium-sized prostates
To evaluate efficacy and safety of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), bipolar enucleation of the prostate (bTUEP) and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in medium-sized prostates (50cc).
Safety and Outcomes of using ureteric access sheath (UAS) for treatment of Paediatric renal stones: Outcomes from 2 tertiary endourology centres
To look at the safety and outcomes of using ureteral access sheath (UAS) for paediatric renal stones. The use of UAS is variable in urological practice with very little clinical work on their use in paediatric kidney stone disease.
Oncocytic Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma (OPRCC) is a rare variant of renal cell carcinoma with overlapping characteristics type 1 and 2 of papillary renal carcinoma. Based on the literature, OPRCC is predominantly present in adult males. OPRCC has a specific genetic affiliation with the Fumarate Hydratase gene requiring all patients diagnosed with OPRCC to undergo genetic testing. There isn't any agreement for the treatment of OPRCC due to the rarity of the disease; however, a radical nephrectomy poses as a possible modality.
N/A, Narrative Medicine Article
A case report of a 51-year-old man with left renal tumor and level II vena cava tumor thrombus (thrombus extending >2 cm above the renal vein, but below the hepatic veins) in a rare anatomical variant of renal vein. In nonmetastatic patients, aggressive surgical resection is widely accepted as the standard management option, but some doubts about the best practice in these patients are relevant. Surgical approach on those patients is a challenge for the surgeons, and anatomical variants make the procedure even more difficulty.
Comparison of Robotic Surgery Video Quality Between YouTube and Curated Sources Using GEARS Criteria
To compare the quality of robotic prostatectomy surgical videos on the popular website YouTube with more curated, professional sources using the Global Evaluative Assessment of Robotic Skills (GEARS) criteria.
To use data from a large, prospectively- acquired regional collaborative database to compare the risk of infectious complications associated with three American Urologic Association- recommended antibiotic prophylaxis pathways, including culture-directed or augmented antibiotics, following prostate biopsy.
To report our findings in patients with determination of testicular tumor markers from the vena spermatica during inguinal orchiectomy.
Successful Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy for an abdominal testis associated with continuous type of splenogondal fusion: A case report
Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rare congenital anomaly in which there is abnormal adhesion between splenic tissue and gonads. Several patients with cryptorchidism associated with this anomaly have undergone orchiectomy because of the suspicion of tumors. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) is useful in differentiating between SGF and tumors, and in evaluating the vasculature of the SGF. We report a boy with an abdominal testis associated with SGF. Based on the CT findings, we successfully performed Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy.
A supernumerary testis is a rare finding with limited description in the literature. Presentations of supernumerary testes vary and often involve initial discovery intraoperatively or in association with a separate condition. In this case report, we describe our experience of a patient with ultrasound imaging concerning for a left paratesticular mass. The patient was taken to the operating room where the mass was found to be an atrophic, supernumerary testis. We also address the specific anatomy encountered in our case and discuss both the intraoperative and post-operative management that resulted, in addition to reviewing relevant literature.
Local and Regional Recurrences of Clinically Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma after Nephrectomy: A 15 Year Institutional Experience with Prognostic Features and Oncologic Outcomes
To evaluate outcomes for patients with local recurrence (LR) of clinically localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) without concurrent systemic metastasis from our institution, an event that occurs rarely (1-3%) after surgery. LR may be a harbinger of poor outcomes, and the best management of these patients is unclear.
In recent years, robot-assisted laparoscopic procedures have gradually replaced standard laparoscopic procedures in the realm of pediatric urology. The potential advantages of the robot-assisted technique include a higher degree of dexterity, three-dimensional visualization and reproducibility. Although laparoscopic orchiopexy is considered to be the gold standard approach in cases of intra-abdominal testes, it can be technically challenging. A crucial point in decision-making is choosing between preservation of testicular blood vessels or sacrificing the vessels in order to achieve sufficient length, as with the one and two-stage Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO).
Low Rates of Urologic Side Effects Following COVID Vaccination: An Analysis of the FDA Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
To quantify and describe urologic adverse events and symptoms after vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines.
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy in the epididymis: a rare and considerable cause of scrotal mass
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare, benign neoplasm with a predilection for children that predominantly involves the craniofacial region. Here we report two cases of MNTI involving epididymis, placing emphasis on the sonographic features. Both appeared to be hypoechoic, regular shaped masses with abundant blood supplies. The unique sonographic features and age of predilection make it possible to diagnose MNTI within the scrotum by ultrasonography.
To characterize the presentation, patterns of care, and outcomes of radiation-associated muscle-invasive bladder cancer (RA-MIBC) compared to primary (non-radiation associated) MIBC. RA-MIBC has been suggested to represent a more aggressive disease variant and be more difficult to treat compared to primary (non-radiation associated) MIBC.
IS ONABOTULINUM TOXIN-A COMBINED INJECTION IN THE BOWEL PATCH AND THE BLADDER REMNANT A SAFE ALTERNATIVE TO BLADDER RE-AUGMENTATION?
To assess both the safety and efficacy, in terms of symptomatic improvement, of botulinum toxin injections distributed in the bowel patch and the bladder remnant of failed augmented bladders.
Stress urinary incontinence after urethral diverticulum repair without concomitant anti-incontinence procedure
To review the rates of persistent and de novo stress urinary incontinence (SUI) following urethral diverticulum (UD) repairs performed without concomitant SUI surgical procedures.