Surgical treatment for bladder cancer

Surgical treatment for bladder cancer

Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumors

The transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) is truly one of the earliest minimally invasive surgical techniques. Although most urologist and urology residents are very adept at the technique, it has been little over 70 years since the instrumentation was developed to excise bladder tumors transurethrally. Prior to this era, large bladder tumor were excised via open incisions and often associated with multiple complications. Today, open tumor resections are rarely, if ever, performed.

Radical Cystectomy for Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder

It has been estimated that in 2010, there were more than 70,000 new cases of bladder cancer diagnosed in the United State, with more than 14,000 cancer specific deaths1. While approximately 70-80% present with non muscle invasive disease, 20% of these patients will be refractory or intolerant to intravesical therapies and another 10-30% of these patients will ultimately progress to muscle invasive disease2.