The transurethral resection of bladder tumors (TURBT) is truly one of the earliest minimally invasive surgical techniques. Although most urologist and urology residents are very adept at the technique, it has been little over 70 years since the instrumentation was developed to excise bladder tumors transurethrally. Prior to this era, large bladder tumor were excised via open incisions and often associated with multiple complications. Today, open tumor resections are rarely, if ever, performed.
Surgical treatment for bladder cancer